What are they?...When are they needed?...When are they ordered?
When the defendant has appeared in court and pled guilty or no contest to an offense and the Judge feels that there may be a need for more information before the defendant is sentenced, a pre-sentence investigation may be ordered by the Judge.
Who does it?
A pre-sentence investigation is done by the court's adult probation department.
The defendant is given a questionnaire to fill out and is told to make an appointment, and will be interviewed.
From this questionnaire the probation department will review and will verify the information.
Victim Impact Statements
The Victim Impact Statement is an essential part of the pre-sentence investigation, because this helps the Judge, Probation Department, and the Prosecutor understand all aspects of the case. The Miami County Victim Witness Department in the Miami County Common Pleas Court is utilized by the Municipal Court however, if you are a victim of a crime and would like to submit a narrative to the Court, please contact the Probation Department at (937) 440-3940.
What happens next?
Upon completion of the information gathering and verification process, a sentencing hearing date will be scheduled
What happens in court?
The information gathered by the Probation Department and the recommendations of that department will be used by the Judge to determine what type of sentence the defendant will receive.